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The myths and legends behind the untapped Autonomous region of Sardinia!

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Sardinia is mainly recognised for its beaches and blue water but there is a lot more that you should know about Sardinia. The gem of Sardinia is facing different countries around it, countries like Tunisia, Algeria, Spain, France and Italy are at the forefront of this region. This also means diversity, in both food and culture. According to an estimate from 2015, it has 1,658,138 population. Nuraghic dialect is also different as compared to normal Italian spoken in different regions of Italy. The Nuraghic age dates around 1900 and 730 B.C, the Nuraghic structures are made up of basalt, and the basalt is taken from the extinct volcanoes. Rumours are that Sherden, one of the sea people, who fought in Egypt came from there and started living on Sardinia, because there are no written records of the Nuraghic culture present on the island.

Sardinian Flag representing the four defeated morish prince

It has also been indicated through the Archaeological research that nuraghi people were organised tribal states. it has influences from Phoenician, roman, vandal, byzantine, it also had Arab incursions. Aragonese, savoy and Austrians have also influenced the regions, almost all of the regions surrounding Sardinia tried to capture it and to make it their own territory but at last in 1861, it became a part of united Italy. Germany has also occupied the island in World War II, but in 1943 german occupation had also been removed by Italian forces. In 1948, it became a self-governing state and it is now an autonomous region of Sardinia. Lingua France, Sardinian, Catalan, and Arabic is being spoken in the region, and Sardinians are well-known for their Loyalty and hospitality.

Sardinians also hold various festivals, folklore and craftwork are also one of the main aspects of the region. Feats of horsemanship are also displayed in most of the annual festivals, where different kinds of costumes, dancing and singing are on display. launeddas is also one of the main attractions in the annual festivals. Nature and agriculture also have a very deep connection with all of Sardinia. Local productions include; Wheat, barley, grapes, olives, cork, cheese and tobacco are made locally and also tuna, lobster, and sardines are one of the main productions of the region. Not only this but smelting of Lead, Zinc and production of alumina is also the responsibility of this region. Sardinia is connected with Italy by both land and sea, so there is no problems of commutation from Italy, therefore tourists can travel to Sardinia without any problems. Although the island is isolated from Italy, this isolation has relatively helped in protection of various cultures and ethnic diversity that is enriched within the autonomous region of Sardinia. So, if you are a tourist, and visiting to plan Italy, then Sardinia should be in your list for sure.

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International Topi

Why Pakistan is lagging behind in the moon race and why it is important to occupy space

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Since 1975, its the first water landing of American astronauts, a space mission that is being launched with the co-operation of NASA and SpaceX. The correspondent congratulated, thanks for flying Space X. By that he meant, that the rocket that was used for this mission was built by the SpaceX. SpaceX has surpassed the engineering limits, and the dreams once seen by Elon Musk nor becoming the reality. I do not want to say that humans went to orbit, I will say that Americans want to orbit. Because, who takes all the praise, all of the nations present in the world when they launch a space mission or the one who are actually responsible for it. Americans are always way ahead when it comes to research and development, once they were fighting and launching moon mission since they had to compete with the Soviet Union. But now the cold war days are over, and there is no Soviet Union anymore. Now what is the need to launch such mission, now they are trying to occupy the space, and we all know that whoever occupies the space the first, will not be ruling the world but will be ruling the whole space. Means if Americans are able to occupy mars, before any other nation, then there will be no other flags on mars, but there will be only one flag on the mars, that is of America.

Pakistan has introduced its Political map today, that is not a bad initiative as far as its regional importance is concerned. There was a need to explain to the world, that which particular regions are an integral part of Pakistan. The importance of Kashmir has also been highlighted in it, as the Kashmiri leaders have also agreed that they want to become a part of Pakistan. But someone has to think beyond this world and has to understand why American are continuously trying to occupy the space. Because, space will help them monitor the whole world, and not only the world but a new planet will be theirs and all other nations would be working under Americans. Americans would be the first nation to develop rules and regulations on other planets, for instance, Elon Musk wants to take humans as a tourist to Mars. Can he take tourists to Pakistan, I don’t think so, neither he can make money from it. So, he is thinking like an occupier and he will be able to do it until 2050. SpaceX will be running commercial operations and taking tourists to moon or mars since it will be their rockets, their pilots and their planets.

We cannot lag behind in this race, we can think that humans went to orbit in 2020, but they don’t say humans, they say Americans went to space and came back easily. Therefore, we need to focus on space program and we need to initiate the findings for such programs that would help our own Pakistani astronauts land on planets like Moon or Mars, India has already made an attempt, now they know the process. And soon they will launch a new space program that will reach the moon.

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A DIY COVID-19 vaccine, Josiah Zayner (a biohacker and former NASA scientist) is working at home

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Zayner does DIY science experiments but now he has taken a huge task, that is to create a covid-19 vaccine and he says it is a great opportunity for the Bio-hackers. Josiah left his professional science career to proselytize DIY home science experiments. Currently, according to the sources, there are mainly around potential vaccines that are in a phase of development or either testing. Zayner used to be a NASA scientist but he said that he had to elevate the value of the DIY home science-based experiments. Zeyner is also famous for his experiment when he injected himself with the gene-editing tool Crispr when he was attending a conference. Zeyner saw an opportunity when a group of researchers published a study that a DNA vaccine can trigger the protective immunity against the Covid-19. He also said, that is it works for monkeys then it should be tested on humans.

The project is termed as Project McAfee. He is also doing a collaboration with Mississippi and Ukraine, where this entire process will be shown on live streams and to demonstrate how easily this process can guarantee a vaccine. The science of genome editing has made things more simple for the bio-engineering aspects, as most of the DNA can be changed to get the expected results. These DIY experiments mostly have one common issue and that is their safety concerns. The genome editing is just like editing a computer program or a code having various programming lines and these can be changed to produce the expected output. In the case of the SARS-CoV-2, the scientists developed a vaccine that is able to produce antibodies within the monkeys, it was tested on 35 monkeys.

These DIY experiments had been made simple because now you can order your own DNA online and then you can do experiments on the basis of it. Zeyner is doing the same, as he will order the coronavirus spike protein sequence and then he will put into a particular solution that would give him ease to inject it into the bodies of humans. So many tools can be ordered online, as the bio companies are selling them commercially to any potential customer. After the experimentation, the vaccine will be given to some amount of people, to test its effectiveness. A collaborator has stated that he would want to see these biological experiments get normal in future, so that people do not have to wait so long in order to find a cure.

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Sushant singh’s suicide has caused a huge controversy, Bollywood is a sinking ship

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Karan johar has been trolled on the case of Nepotism in Bollywood, it has been indicated by various sources that Sushant has been denied for various movies by Karan Johar and also by Salman khan. People are asking everyone to ban his films and to stop watching his movies. The producer also seems to lose followers on social media; mainly twitter and everyone is tweeting against him that he is a backstabber, who only cast a list of stars in his movies.

it has also been stated by fans that various television actors have been sidelined in Bollywood in recent time, and therefore their places has been taken by the big names of Bollywood. Sushant, siddarth shukla, hina khan have also faced similar consequences when they were unable to land any roles and went on the way to suicide.

Nepotism clearly exists within Bollywood and now it seems that Bollywood is a sinking ship, because so many good actors have not been given roles in bigger block busters, hence they were unable to make their name and they choose to take their lives, that is the reason why people have taken a stance again; salman khan, Karan Johar and Sanjay Leela bhansali also …. it has also been stated by his family that he was about to get married in November….

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International Topi

India and China head to head; 20 indian soldiers killed

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The ladakh area has been under the tense clash between India and China, where 20 Indian soldiers had been killed in a clash. Under the pandemic, it seems China and India are focused on some other issues, where they are facing each other to fight for their territory. This area has been under dispute from the last 45 years, China stated that India is breaking its agreement of Line of Actual Control in the Galway valley. India confirmed its casualties, increasing from 17 to 20 while China did not comment on the casualties. But Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian stated that Chinese forces has been provoked to attack Indian army, since Chinese did not want the physical confrontation to happen.

The LAC area has been demarcated poorly and there are rivers and lakes, that is the reason why the line can shift any second and this can become a huge problem for both sides, increasing misconfusion and this can become another conflict among two nuclear countries. China has been accused of occupying 38,000sq km (14,700sq miles) of indian territory, as stated by the indian officials. In 1962, India suffered a humiliating defeat by the hands of china, additionally various soldiers on the both sides have exchanged the blows on the state of Sikkim.

Indian built road on Ladakh

India has also built a controversial road in Ladakh that is also increasing the tensions among the two countries since Chinese has the impression that Indians are trying to occupy more land. This road has boosted the capability of moving men to Ladakh regions, this means the Indian army can gain significant ground because of this road. India has another disputed region of Kashmir with Pakistan that covers mainly 140,000 sq km.

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