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2,000 high-speed internet satellites will be surrounding the earth in the future called Starlink to Boost the internet speed

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Remember we used to have a dail-up connection, the weird tune behind it. The modems with few kbps of speed, we all were using Msn messenger for chatting with our loved ones. Then 2g came, then 3g, 4g, and now 5g are almost tested. But Elon musk has other plans, he is going to launch a project called Starlink, 2000 high-speed internet satellites will be surrounding earth so that we can get the higher speed of the internet, what we are doing in minutes or seconds today, then it would be a matter of microseconds. Our generations to come will be using the best available internet in the coming future. This is almost six times higher than the fleet of the satellites that are currently present around the orbit. Until 2027, this project will be finished, this means that in the coming 7 years a big internet revolution is going to happen.

This will also ease the option to provide the internet even in the rural areas so that education can be provided even in the remote regions and the slums would have the same opportunity to grow. 10 billion is the estimated cost to complete the project. Musk, as he says most of the time, that this will not be an easy job, but he does it all the time while taking the challenge on his chin. Starlink has two big aims that will provide high-speed internet at a lower cost and to provide the internet in very remote locations of the world. Each satellite will be of 500 pounds (227 kilograms) and will be able to orbit 273 miles (440 kilometers) out in the space. Long-distance lag will not be a problem anymore, this cost a lot to various companies, this will increase the dependability of the connections.

This means that every Starlink will be linked with the other four satellites with the use of lasers. Now the speed of the data transmission will be equal to the speed of light, hence the limitations posed by the fiber optic will no longer be a problem. it has also been stated by Musk, that users can connect to the Starlink terminal with 200 dollars connection, they can change the direction of the antenna easily without moving the other parts. Small to medium pizza is an example that Musk gave to depict the system. These Starlink systems can be placed in homes, over the cars, on the ships providing people with the best available internet. For the time being, only 1000 satellites will be implemented to start the system.

East to west connection will be prioritized by the Starlink, once deployed high-speed connection, close to the speed of light will be available for the people. One thing has to be noted in this case, the best links of the satellites will always be moving since the satellites will be moving around the world and will not be stationary. At first, the north and south connections would not be as good as the fiber optic as data would travel in zigzag for it to reach its destination. But when 600 satellites orbiting at 342 miles up then the internet speed will be close to the speed of light. There is a plan to launch 2,800 satellites at altitudes between 684 and 823 miles. By 2024, half of these satellites will be up on the sky and the rest will be sent up space until 2027.

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International Topi

Why Pakistan is lagging behind in the moon race and why it is important to occupy space

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Since 1975, its the first water landing of American astronauts, a space mission that is being launched with the co-operation of NASA and SpaceX. The correspondent congratulated, thanks for flying Space X. By that he meant, that the rocket that was used for this mission was built by the SpaceX. SpaceX has surpassed the engineering limits, and the dreams once seen by Elon Musk nor becoming the reality. I do not want to say that humans went to orbit, I will say that Americans want to orbit. Because, who takes all the praise, all of the nations present in the world when they launch a space mission or the one who are actually responsible for it. Americans are always way ahead when it comes to research and development, once they were fighting and launching moon mission since they had to compete with the Soviet Union. But now the cold war days are over, and there is no Soviet Union anymore. Now what is the need to launch such mission, now they are trying to occupy the space, and we all know that whoever occupies the space the first, will not be ruling the world but will be ruling the whole space. Means if Americans are able to occupy mars, before any other nation, then there will be no other flags on mars, but there will be only one flag on the mars, that is of America.

Pakistan has introduced its Political map today, that is not a bad initiative as far as its regional importance is concerned. There was a need to explain to the world, that which particular regions are an integral part of Pakistan. The importance of Kashmir has also been highlighted in it, as the Kashmiri leaders have also agreed that they want to become a part of Pakistan. But someone has to think beyond this world and has to understand why American are continuously trying to occupy the space. Because, space will help them monitor the whole world, and not only the world but a new planet will be theirs and all other nations would be working under Americans. Americans would be the first nation to develop rules and regulations on other planets, for instance, Elon Musk wants to take humans as a tourist to Mars. Can he take tourists to Pakistan, I don’t think so, neither he can make money from it. So, he is thinking like an occupier and he will be able to do it until 2050. SpaceX will be running commercial operations and taking tourists to moon or mars since it will be their rockets, their pilots and their planets.

We cannot lag behind in this race, we can think that humans went to orbit in 2020, but they don’t say humans, they say Americans went to space and came back easily. Therefore, we need to focus on space program and we need to initiate the findings for such programs that would help our own Pakistani astronauts land on planets like Moon or Mars, India has already made an attempt, now they know the process. And soon they will launch a new space program that will reach the moon.

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International Topi

A DIY COVID-19 vaccine, Josiah Zayner (a biohacker and former NASA scientist) is working at home

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Zayner does DIY science experiments but now he has taken a huge task, that is to create a covid-19 vaccine and he says it is a great opportunity for the Bio-hackers. Josiah left his professional science career to proselytize DIY home science experiments. Currently, according to the sources, there are mainly around potential vaccines that are in a phase of development or either testing. Zayner used to be a NASA scientist but he said that he had to elevate the value of the DIY home science-based experiments. Zeyner is also famous for his experiment when he injected himself with the gene-editing tool Crispr when he was attending a conference. Zeyner saw an opportunity when a group of researchers published a study that a DNA vaccine can trigger the protective immunity against the Covid-19. He also said, that is it works for monkeys then it should be tested on humans.

The project is termed as Project McAfee. He is also doing a collaboration with Mississippi and Ukraine, where this entire process will be shown on live streams and to demonstrate how easily this process can guarantee a vaccine. The science of genome editing has made things more simple for the bio-engineering aspects, as most of the DNA can be changed to get the expected results. These DIY experiments mostly have one common issue and that is their safety concerns. The genome editing is just like editing a computer program or a code having various programming lines and these can be changed to produce the expected output. In the case of the SARS-CoV-2, the scientists developed a vaccine that is able to produce antibodies within the monkeys, it was tested on 35 monkeys.

These DIY experiments had been made simple because now you can order your own DNA online and then you can do experiments on the basis of it. Zeyner is doing the same, as he will order the coronavirus spike protein sequence and then he will put into a particular solution that would give him ease to inject it into the bodies of humans. So many tools can be ordered online, as the bio companies are selling them commercially to any potential customer. After the experimentation, the vaccine will be given to some amount of people, to test its effectiveness. A collaborator has stated that he would want to see these biological experiments get normal in future, so that people do not have to wait so long in order to find a cure.

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Sushant singh’s suicide has caused a huge controversy, Bollywood is a sinking ship

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Karan johar has been trolled on the case of Nepotism in Bollywood, it has been indicated by various sources that Sushant has been denied for various movies by Karan Johar and also by Salman khan. People are asking everyone to ban his films and to stop watching his movies. The producer also seems to lose followers on social media; mainly twitter and everyone is tweeting against him that he is a backstabber, who only cast a list of stars in his movies.

it has also been stated by fans that various television actors have been sidelined in Bollywood in recent time, and therefore their places has been taken by the big names of Bollywood. Sushant, siddarth shukla, hina khan have also faced similar consequences when they were unable to land any roles and went on the way to suicide.

Nepotism clearly exists within Bollywood and now it seems that Bollywood is a sinking ship, because so many good actors have not been given roles in bigger block busters, hence they were unable to make their name and they choose to take their lives, that is the reason why people have taken a stance again; salman khan, Karan Johar and Sanjay Leela bhansali also …. it has also been stated by his family that he was about to get married in November….

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International Topi

India and China head to head; 20 indian soldiers killed

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The ladakh area has been under the tense clash between India and China, where 20 Indian soldiers had been killed in a clash. Under the pandemic, it seems China and India are focused on some other issues, where they are facing each other to fight for their territory. This area has been under dispute from the last 45 years, China stated that India is breaking its agreement of Line of Actual Control in the Galway valley. India confirmed its casualties, increasing from 17 to 20 while China did not comment on the casualties. But Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian stated that Chinese forces has been provoked to attack Indian army, since Chinese did not want the physical confrontation to happen.

The LAC area has been demarcated poorly and there are rivers and lakes, that is the reason why the line can shift any second and this can become a huge problem for both sides, increasing misconfusion and this can become another conflict among two nuclear countries. China has been accused of occupying 38,000sq km (14,700sq miles) of indian territory, as stated by the indian officials. In 1962, India suffered a humiliating defeat by the hands of china, additionally various soldiers on the both sides have exchanged the blows on the state of Sikkim.

Indian built road on Ladakh

India has also built a controversial road in Ladakh that is also increasing the tensions among the two countries since Chinese has the impression that Indians are trying to occupy more land. This road has boosted the capability of moving men to Ladakh regions, this means the Indian army can gain significant ground because of this road. India has another disputed region of Kashmir with Pakistan that covers mainly 140,000 sq km.

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